Hand & Power Tool Cleaning

Stainless Steel

Wash to remove grease with a detergent solution. Sand lightly to etch the surface. Prime with epoxy metal primer.

New or Unpainted Concrete Floors

Floors - Check for any dampness on floors by placing a rubber mat down and leaving overnight. If water accumulates on the back side of the mat or concrete surface has been darkened by moisture - Do Not Paint. New concrete should be allowed to cure 30 days before to painting.

Painted Concrete or Wood Flooring

Be sure surface is free from dirt, dust etc. by sweeping or vacuum cleaning. Remove grease, oil, floor compound and wax by chemical cleaning. Scrape carefully to remove deteriorated coatings. If remaining coating is glossy or very hard, sand it lightly for good adhesion of subsequent coatings. The surface must be thoroughly dry before coating.

Masonry Block and Concrete

Allow to dry 30 days under normal drying conditions prior to painting. If efflorescence or cement dust is present on masonry and concrete, it should be removed completely. Flush off surface with clean water and allow to dry. Surfaces should also be free of all dust, dirt and loose or excess mortar. Porous surfaces should be filled with emulsion sealer before painting.

Unpainted Stucco and Brick

This needs no special preparation. However, stucco should be allowed to sit and dry thoroughly before it is painted. If surface is soft or slightly powdery, first apply one coat of penetrating primer. Apply two coats of emulsion primer formulated for masonry.

Painted Stucco

Should be cleaned and free from loose paint and all holes should be patched. Paint with exterior latex.

Ceramic Tile and Glazed Brick

Wash with detergent, then roughen surface. Paint with a good quality 2 part epoxy paint.

Unpainted Exterior Wood Surfaces

Should be clean and dry. Prime and paint as soon as possible. No painting should be done immediately after a rain or during foggy weather. All nail holes or small openings should be filled after the primer application.


Before finish is applied to the panels, they must be cleaned. Apply an alkyd or latex primer, even if hardboard is pre-primed, then finish with desired topcoat.

Asbestos Shingles

If glazed, allow at least two years before painting. If shingles are porous, treat with penetrating primer. If shingles are weathered, remove all dirt and dust. Apply a coat of emulsion primer.


Plastered surfaces should be allowed to dry for at least 30 days before painting. Bare plaster should be dry, cured and hard. Fill any holes and cracks. Surfaces previously applied with a cement-based coating or lime wash should be first be treated with a penetrating primer.

Woodwork - Interior

All finishing lumber and flooring should be sanded smooth, with the grain not across it. Surface blemishes should be corrected.


Remove loose paper. Test for bleed by applying latex to a small area to make sure wallpaper is waterfast. If bleed occurs, seal paper with one coat of white shellac reduced with an equal volume of alcohol. Avoid skips when applying shellac. Allow to dry one hour before topcoating.


De-gloss or etch the surface by lightly sanding. Apply epoxy polyamide or acrylic urethane topcoat for surfaces that may be exposed to high traffic.


Wash and allow to air dry. Apply either an epoxy or alkyd enamel.


If it is flexible, Do not paint it. If stiff, wash with detergent and roughen with sandpaper or steel wool. Prime with solvent based primer.

Terra Cotta

Scrub with detergent and sand lightly with sandpaper. Prime with alkyd base primer and finish.